Chinghis khan’s choice of Karakorum as the capital of the Mongol Empire was no coincidence. The surrounding Orkhon Valley was the center of preceding nomadic empires for centuries and had enormous symbolic importance.
In 1580, The Prince Avtai sain Khan and his brother Tumenkhan met with the 3rd Dalai Lama and planned to establish a monastery on the ruins of Karkhorum, and the Tibetan Buddhism was declared religion of state in Mongolia.
Taikhar Chuluu (Taikhar Rock) is one of the tourist attractions when travelling to Arkhangai province. This big 20-metres (66 feet) high rock stands on a bank of Khoid Tamir River in Ikhtamir Soum.
Khushuu Tsaidam Monuments to Bilge Khaan and Kul-Tegin, dated 732 AD, were found 47 km to the northwest of Karakorum, part of the Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape UNESCO world heritage site.
Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake (Terkh White Lake ) is freshwater lake,located near the Khorgo volcano crater in Tariat soum in Arkhangai province. Fresh water and volcanogenic Terkh White Lake, is 16 km long from west to east and 6km wide from north to south.
Khorgo Mountain is a dormant volcano which lies on the east of the Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake. The Khorgo crater, situated at an altitude of 2.210 meters with a diameter of 20 meters and depth of 70 to 80 meters, is the most interesting at all.
Khuisiin Naiman Nuur or Eight Lake National Park is located in the province of Ovorkhangai, in the Khangai range, and it has the typical landscapes of the Mongolian high mountains with their large forests of larches.
Kharkhorin – is a small village and one of the country’s major tourist destinations and historically known as Karakorum city. The most prominent historical site in Orkhon Valley is Kharkhorum, ancient capital of Mongol empire.
Tuvkhun temple is located on a rocky mountain hill surrounded by forests at the top of the mountain in a secluded area. The great sculptor and one of the biggest representative of Buddhism Zanabazar was attracted to this place at his early teen years
Arkhangai province is famous for its many old volcanoes. These volcanoes explain the presence of the springs natural hot water that flows all year long at 1860 meters (1.16 mile) above the sea level and its water is not mixed with soil waters because it is hot.
Lake Ugii is a famous for its bird life. About 150 types of aquatic birds gather at Lake Ugii including scarce birds like a cape barren goose, a spoonbill, a Dalmatian pelican cranes and ducks.
You will come across sand dunes lost in the middle of a mountainous area in the central part of Mongolia. Bayan Gobi is well known and called Elsen Tasarkhai, the sand fracture and extend on 80 kilometres (49,71 miles) in the South of the Khögnö Khan National Park.